The development of Norwegian salmon farming should take environmental, economic and social conditions into account.
Salmon farming emits less CO2 than meat production.
Salmon lice (lepeophtheirus salmonis) live naturally in all seawaters in the northern hemisphere. This is the most common parasite in salmon, and it presents a major challenge for the aquaculture industry.
Several certification standards are relevant to salmon farming. To become certified, salmon farms must meet a range of established requirements. Here are some of the most well-known eco-labels:
The Norwegian coast is characterized by deep fjords and a northbound current that contributes to a high level of water exchange. Emissions of nutrients and organic matter from aquaculture sites do not constitute an environmental problem.
The Norwegian aquaculture industry has an ambitious goal of zero salmon escapes, however escaped fish remains a challenge for the industry.